Sustainable development means economic development that is socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable. Since the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration in 2000, Nigeria has made significant progress towards the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) at the country level; however, development has not been equal between state geographic areas.
Kaduna state has fallen behind in the achievement of the MDGs and evidence shows that Kaduna State is still significantly poorer compared to the rest of the country. The next few years will be crucial for Kaduna State as Nigeria transitions to the sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) agenda. The state will need to tackle a set of challenges, which include: acute and wide-spread poverty, predisposition to frequent droughts, low unpredictable rainfall patterns, very high temperatures, and pressure from human and livestock populations. Additionally, low soil nutrient levels and loss of organic matter are some of the most critical natural resource management problems facing the state. The outcomes are multi-faceted manifestation of poverty: lack of income and productive resources to sustain livelihood, widespread hunger and malnutrition, poor access to education, safe clean water and sanitation, and increased morbidity and mortality from illness. A solution demands strategies that promote an integrated approach to combating poverty, restoring dignity to the excluded, and at the same time protecting nature.
To achieve its vision of rural transformation, Kaduna State is adopting a unique approach of placing people at the center of its development plan. This is with the aim of empowering communities to tackle the root causes of extreme poverty, improve access to social services and achieve sustainable development.it is based on the proven strategy that development is successful and sustainable in the long run when it is driven and owned by the communities themselves. The plan is drawn from lessons learnt from the Pampaida Millennium Villages project and Federal Government Conditional Grant Scheme of the Millennium Development Goals.
The core principle of this implementation plan are Community Driven; Adaptable to local priorities; Targets Multiple Sector/ Areas proven to make rapid impact; Can be replicated through existing Local Government Institutions and promotes ownership and sustainable; and Evidence investment.
The state Government intends to achieve the above Rural and Community Development Sector, which is implemented through the newly established Ministry of Rural and Community Development under which is the poverty Alleviation programme. It was established in 2000 as a product of the merger of defunct Rural Electrification Board and the Rural Development Division of the then Ministry of Water Resources and Rural Development.
The core mandate of the Ministry is to develop the rural communities into modern communities through the provision of basic infrastructures such as roads, electricity, good health care services and sanitation, inclusive and good quality education, potable water, agricultural support services, and economic empowerment programs. The Ministry has the Kaduna power supply Company (KAPSCO) as it’s only parastatal but The poverty Alleviation Programme sits under the Department. The sector will also serve as the coordination unit of the following World Bank supported programs:
Community and social Development Project (CSDP) through an Agency (Community and social Development Agency;
Youths Empowerment and Social Support Operations (YESSO); and
Kaduna Rural Access Mobility Project 2 (KADRAMMP2).